The first bathing establishment was built in 1843. Since then, Rimini has been the principal summer resort on the Adriatic Coast and one of the most popular holiday destinations in Italy.
Rimini is also a city of notable historical interest.
In 390 B.C., Rimini was occupied by the Senone Gauls who established a workshop to coin their own currency. In 295 B.C. the Romans arrived and founded a real colony in 286, Ariminum, that aquired strategic importance. It became a crucial junction for communications; a starting point for the Flaminian Way leading to Rome (220 B.C.), the Emilian Way toward Piacenza (197 B.C.) and the Popilian Way toward Aquileia (132 B.C.).
Caesar passed by after crossing the Rubicon (50 B.C.). Also Emperor Augustus (9 B.C.) came this way and had the bridge over the River Marecchia built. The same bridge was later completed by Tiberius, who gave it its name. It was, in fact, to honour Augustus that the people of Rimini erected the famous arch, doorway to the city.
After the barbarian invasions Rimini enjoyed a golden age in the 13th century, when it became an indipendent municipality. New constructions such as Palazzo dell'Arengo (1204), Palazzo del Podestà (1330) and new city walls were added to the city.
An important school of painting developed, due in part to the presence of Giotto. In 1295 the Malatesta name appeared and belonged to a family that was not only concerned with warfare but was also a patron of art. They beautified the city with works like: the Malatesta Temple, the principle example of Renaissance architecture, and Sismondo Castle.
Most of the vestiges of the past are now kept in the City Museum which contains more than 1500 works from the geological development to nowadays. In Ferrari square, near the City Museum, a house from the Roman period called the Surgeon’s House has been recently brought to light. A small Pompei with splendid mosaics which has already become famous in the world owing to its unique archaeological finds. Here archaeologists have found one of the richest surgical and pharmaceutical equipment of the ancient time.